Hemorrhoids or piles refer to an inflammation that affects a vein or a group of veins in the anal region. Over the years, there has been a growing concern raised by health experts on the increasing cases of this condition. In this article, we shall look at the real causes of this unpleasant condition with a view to letting you know whether or not you are a risk factor.
It is believed that up to 75% of adults in North America and Europe experience hemorrhoids at certain points in their life. Though they are easily manageable, about half of cases will require treatment. However, like is the case with many other health conditions viewed in contempt by the victims, only about 4% of hemorrhoid cases actually seek real medical intervention and a large number of those diagnosed are usually those who simply go for routine checkups. Be that as it may, you are highly encouraged to seek medical intervention, or at least go for routine hemorrhoid check up, especially if you are an adult aged between 45 and 65, or are an expectant mother.
The most common causes of hemorrhoids is anal stress or trauma. This stress can be caused by a wide spectrum of factors such as straining to remove stool, prolonged sitting spells or even an anal intercourse.
Aside from that, this condition may also be caused by digestion-related complications such as chronic constipation which means stool hardens and gets difficult to relieve and chronic diarrhea which applies excessive pressure on the anal veins.
Other lifestyle conditions such as obesity are also closely connected with hemorrhoids. Pregnant women will experience hemorrhoids at certain points in their pregnancy too.
Last but not least, this condition may also be a result of aging as well as a genetic predisposition, meaning it is passed over via heredity.
The most common symptoms of hemorrhoids are bleeding and a general feeling of discomfort in the anal area. Anal itching and irritation is another notorious symptom of this condition.
If the symptoms go unchecked, anal lumps will begin protruding and feces may discharge involuntarily, thereby leading to the more serious condition of bowel incontinence.
The most common treatment for hemorrhoids is taking Over-the Counter medications that are meant to alleviate the pain till the symptoms go away.
However, the degree of lump growths may be huge enough to necessitate a minor surgery. It is therefore advised that you consult a doctor whenever you suspect you have any of the above symptoms. Remember, they are not exclusive symptoms of hemorrhoids as they could point out to even graver health concerns such as anal cancer.